Crisis Reporting System

title: Crisis Reporting System
author: Borislav Bonev
published in: August, 2008
appeared as: Bachelor of Science thesis
Knowledge Based Systems group
Delft University of Technology
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Since the terrorist attacks on 9/11 the issue about the collaboration of emergency services has become increasingly important. One of the conclusions is that better communication between the different services is needed. This motivated us to try a different modality for communication. The modality I have chosen is a graphical one, which is very useful when only a limited set of concepts need to be represented.
This thesis describes how iconic communication can be applied to the field of Emergency Management. I have designed and implemented an application, CRS, which is suited for emergency services to communicate with each other or regular citizens to report something that they may thing as an emergency situation, using a map and icons. Our main focus is on the graphical user interface, and the intelligence of the system. The system is designed as a client server application, where the client is focussed on the interface and the server concentrates on the intelligence.
I use a Jess knowledge and rule base to provide a consistent world model at all times, while I represent the concepts in XML files. The interface and network is implemented in Java for Android mobile platform. CRS gives the users the possibility to report about what they observe by placing icons on a dynamic map, grouped as a report. The reports will be send to the server, which fuses the multiple observations and constructs a new world model of it.
Besides the world model, the server also sends information about the most likely scenario, and it will suggest icons that are expected in the world model but are not placed yet.

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